The Western Wall tunnels, accessible from the plaza via an inconspicuous side door, lead visitors to parts of the wall that have been concealed from view for thousands of years and many archeological discoveries, including the human-made aqueduct that flows into the Struthio Pool, an ancient water reservoir that sits under the Sisters' Convent. Despite its almost overpowering size and volume, and a visit to the Western Wall Tunnels would show the full volume of the buildings.
What you should think before you visit the Western Wall
Security checks in the Old City
Police presence is growing near the Western Wall region and the Muslim Quarter, and tourists must pass through a security fence, staffed by armed Israeli border police. Safety tests are usually conducted within seconds and include metal detectors.
Guards may also ask a few questions, preferably in English, which are best answered with straight sentences.
It's also suggested that you bring some sort of photo identification to get into the city.
How to get to the position
The Jaffa Gate, the New Gate, the Damascus Gate and the Zion Gate are the four entrances that connect to the Western Wall. The Gate of Zion is nearest to the Jewish Quarter and to Mount Zion.
Those wishing to visit the Armenian and Christian Quarters will enter the Jaffa Gate. Yet the New Gate on Jaffa Street in the Christian Quarter will be best suited to visitors. The closest gateway to the Muslim Quarter is the Damascus Gate.
Visitors will have to negotiate the labyrinth of narrow streets and alleyways within the Old Town, lined with gift shops, coffee houses, and restaurants. Thanks to weak cell phone coverage, getting about inside the Old City can be a challenge, so carrying a good old-fashioned paper map may be a smart idea.
What you'll see while on your tour
The Western Wall Plaza in front of the wall was built in the aftermath of the 1967 Six-Day War on the site of a Moroccan Quarter from the 12th century. It can accommodate over 60,000 people and is divided into three main parts. The central section, the farthest from the wall, is open to the public at large.
Those who do not wish to participate in the prayers may still approach the wall and leave a written message in the gaps between the blocks in the wall, usually a wish or a prayer on a piece of paper. Adjacent to the wall, the other two parts are marked as prayer areas, with the much larger portion only open to people.